The Legacy of the Berlin Conference of 1884
by Itai Muchena
First Published: Apr. 07, 2010 – The Herald (Zimbabwe)
The hodgepodge of geometric boundaries that today divide Africa into 50 plus irregular nations under Eurocentric subjugation all started in Berlin, Germany on November 15, 1884.
The infamous Berlin Conference still remains Africa’s greatest undoing in more ways than one, where colonial powers superimposed their domains on the African continent and tore apart the social, political and economic fabric that held the continent together.
By the time independence returned to Africa between 1956 and 1994, the African realm had acquired a colonial legacy of political fragmentation that could neither be eliminated nor made to operate wholly independent from the former colonial masters.
Jan. 11, 2010 – WSWS
Hundreds of people have died as a result of an extended wave of cold weather across much of Europe. Many of the victims are among the homeless, the mentally ill and the infirm, who are forced to live in poverty.
The freezing temperatures have served to highlight the sharp decline in social conditions in Europe.
With much of Europe covered in a blanket of snow and ice, temperatures have plummeted, with some countries and regions witnessing sub-zero temperatures not seen since the 1940s. In Norway, a temperature of −45.6 Celsius was recorded on January 7. Even in the UK, temperatures have fallen to below −20 Celsius in some areas. Heavy snowfall has been recorded as far south as Spain.